I want to know about glidslope angles for landing airplanes
most glide slopes are ~3 degrees. The angle for a specific runway can be found on the profile view on the "approach plate" for that runway
take a look at this image, http://www.navfltsm.addr.com/cat-ii-rwy9.gif note in the center of the far left side it says:
This is telling you the GS is 3 degrees
no need to calculate it
I assume you mean "calculate", "descent", and "glideslope".
Your question is vague. There's not enough information to answer it. However, since you want to "calculate" the descent angle, then I assume you don't already know it from the approach plate.
You can use simple trigonometry to figure out the angle using a variety of pieces of information. For example, if you're talking about intercepting an ILS glideslope, you can use the GS intercept altitude as the height of a triangle, the distance from the runway as the base, and calculate the glideslope angle based on that.
But it's much easier to read it off the chart.
Divide your descent rate by your speed over the ground, and take the arctangent of the result.
For example, with a descent rate of 2000 fpm and a ground speed of 225 knots, your descent angle is five degrees. That's
2000 = descent rate in fpm
225 = speed in knots
6076 = number of feet in a nautical mile
60 = number of minutes in an hour
In many aircraft these days, you may find a flight-path vector indicator that you can enable on the primary flight display. If you turn this on, you can read your descent angle right off the display: it's the angle between the horizon and the FPV symbol that represents the aircraft on the PFD.
If you need a descent rate for an angle, multiply the tangent of the angle by your speed over the ground. For example, if you need a 3.5Â° glide slope, and you're moving at 200 knots over the ground, you need a descent rate of 1238 fpm. That's
200 = speed in knots
3.5 = desired glide slope
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